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MasterCard Reason Code 4847

Mastercard Chargeback Reason Code 4847: Exceeds Floor Limit – Not Authorized and Fraudulent Transaction

Description

Merchant was unable to verify the authorization code of the transaction at the time of purchase. A card-not-present transaction occurs when cardholder files a complaint that he/she neither participated nor authorized a particular charge. A card-not-present transaction occurs on a fictitious account number on which owner’s authorization was not obtained. Telephone sales, mail-order, Internet/online sales, monthly subscriptions, recurring and prepayment transactions are examples of card-not-present transactions. Mostly this situation occurs when someone fraudulently uses someone else’s credit card and processes card-not-present transaction without the consent or permission of the cardholder. Sometimes, cardholder does not recognize a card-not-present transaction on his statement because of invisible, unclear or confusing merchant or product name.

Most Common Causes
  • POS devise was not authorized for strip-read, online and face-to face transactions, but only card-read or key-recorded transactions.
  • The transaction was not approved.
  • The card provided a service code of X2X (Positive Online Authorization Only), but the transaction was not approved.
  • The transaction amount passed the limit from the floor limit that was installed by MasterCard at the time of purchase and was not approved.
  • The authorization request was denied or the transaction was made by an expired card.
  • If not authorized by Technical fallback and CVM fallback transactions.
  • The merchant processed a fictitious account number on which card owner’s authorization was not obtained.
  • The merchant processed a transaction card owner did not participated in.
  • Transaction is processed on invalid card using an account number.
  • A family member ordered from the primary cardholder’s account without his permission.
  • It is also caused by the owner of card not able to recognize purchase on the billing statement.
Evidence Required
  • The merchant should provide the document that business did not need to authorization.
  • The merchant may present the document that the cardholder obtained authorization for the transaction amount.
  • Providing the amount that was authorized, authorization approval code, and the date of the authorization the merchant should document the incomplete authorization
  • The transaction was below the issued floor limit and there was communicate failure to buyer or failure to POS device at the time of buying, the merchant should present document.
  • If the transaction was a mobile order, telephone order or Internet transaction and an authorization approval was received and address verification was made that matched cardholder’s street address and ZIP code, and that the evidence can be provided about the product delivery to the correct address as per AVS query, send the POD, order receipt and any additional documents related to the transaction.
  • If the transaction was processed without use of address verification system (AVS) send a copy of the order receipt, proof of delivery (POD) with the sign of cardholder on it and the other documents explaining the product and complete transaction details.
  • If the transaction was processed in card present environment, this chargeback would be invalid, in this case, prove that the cardholder participated in the transaction by providing order receipt showing the card imprint and cardholder’s signature.

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Prevention
  • Make sure to obtain an authorized approval for all the e commerce and recurring transactions regardless of the dollar amount.
  • Read back the account number, especially for transactions made via phone. Always verify account number so that there are no errors or misunderstandings.
  • Identify the type of transaction, such as card-not-present, and use appropriate codes for identifying transactions as e-commerce, telephone order, and Mail order during settlement process and authorization. Usually, this will automatically be done by the processing system, or by indicator button.
Common Examples
  1. Linda goes to a café after work and orders a coffee and a muffin. She later realizes that she left her wallet in her drawer in the office so she asks the cashier to enter her card details manually. The cashier processes the transaction but, forgets to take her signatures or imprint on the receipt. Later, when Linda checks her account she sees a larger amount on her statement than what she expected to see from the transaction. She therefore, disputes the amount under the Reason Code 4847: Not Authorized and Fraudulent Transaction
  2. George leaves his wallet home and goes for a jog. Looking for the opportunity his daughter Nia slips out his card and shops for her Prom night. Later in the week, George checks his account to find out an unknown transaction to an online accessory merchant. Thinking it as a fraud he disputes the amount under the Reason Code 4847: Not Authorized and Fraudulent Transaction.

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